Dairy Facts

Dairy Facts

Find out more about dairy farming including dairy industry facts, dairy farmer facts and cow facts. Learn about the dairy industry and how it works.

Fun dairy facts about dairy farming and our beloved dairy cow:

  • Did you know there are roughly 350 “squirts” in a gallon of milk?
  • Cows can walk upstairs but not down because a cow’s knees are unable to bend the way that is needed to walk downstairs.
  • A cow spends about 6 hours eating and 8 hours chewing its cud every day.
  • Dairy cows can produce 125 pounds of saliva in a single day.
  • Cows have 32 teeth, all of them on the bottom with a dental pad on top.
  • Cows drink about 35 gallons of water a day – about the same amount as a bathtub full of water.
  • Before milking machines were invented in 1894, farmers could only milk about 6 cows per hour.
  • It takes less than 5 minutes to milk a cow using a milking machine.
  • Cows are milked 2 or 3 times per day.
  • A cow chews her cud (regurgitated, partially digested food) for up to 8 hours each day. That’s almost 30,000 chews daily!
  • Dairy cows give more than 7 gallons of milk each day. That’s 400 glasses of milk!
  • Cows are referred to as the foster mothers of the human race because they produce most of the milk that people drink.
  • The first cow in America arrived in the Jamestown colony in 1611. Until the 1850s, nearly every family had its own cow.
  • The first regular shipment of milk by railroad was between Orange County, N.Y., and New York City and began in 1841.